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Left Atrial Low Voltage Areas Predicts Recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation after Catheter Ablation: A Meta-Analysis.

Heart Surgery Forum 2024 January 22
BACKGROUND: Low voltage areas (LVAs) on left atrial (LA) voltage mapping correlate with atrial fibrosis. However, there is no uniform standard for the definition of LVAs, or mapping techniques and mapping rhythms, so that the predictive value of left atrial LVAs for recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is uncertain. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the presence of pre-ablation left atrial LVAs and the risk of recurrent AF after catheter ablation.

METHODS: The databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of science, Cochrane library, Scopus, Wanfang Datebase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biology Medicine and China Scientific Journal Datebase were searched from inception to 31 July 2023. Relevant studies regarding left atrial LVAs prior to ablation to predict postoperative recurrence of AF were identified and analyzed. The efficacy endpoints were defined as the recurrence of atrial arrhythmia lasting over 30 s.

RESULTS: A total of 12 studies with 1070 patients were included. We found the presence of pre-ablation left atrial LVAs correlated with the risk of recurrent AF after ablation (hazard ratio (HR) = 2.87, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.33-3.52). The presence of pre-ablation left atrial LVAs can predict the risk of recurrent AF after ablation both in the follow-up duration ≤12 months group and follow-up duration >12 months group (follow-up duration ≤12 months: HR = 2.93, 95% CI: 2.20-3.90; follow-up duration >12 months: HR = 2.80, 95% CI: 2.09-3.77). The presence of pre-ablation left atrial LVAs correlated with the risk of recurrent AF after ablation in paroxysmal AF (HR = 2.89, 95% CI: 1.97-4.24).

CONCLUSIONS: The presence of pre-ablation left atrial LVAs correlate with the risk of recurrent AF after catheter ablation.

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