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Clinical features of adult patients with allergic parotitis.

BACKGROUND: Allergic parotitis (AP), due to its non-specific symptoms, frequently poses a diagnostic challenge, leading to cases being overlooked or misdiagnosed by clinicians.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elucidate detailed clinical characteristics and common diagnostic indicators of AP.

METHODS: A comprehensive review and analysis of medical records was conducted from patients diagnosed with AP, encompassing demographic, clinical, and laboratory data, at the Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between January 2019 and March 2022.

RESULTS: The study enrolled 17 patients, evidenced by an average age of 36.00 ± 12.95 years. Common presentations of AP among the patients included notable symptoms such as parotid gland swelling, associated pain, and xerostomia. Ten patients had other atopic diseases. Palpation revealed the affected parotid glands to be soft and nodular, with an elevated local skin temperature. The unstimulated whole saliva flow rate was decreased. Ultrasonography demonstrated increased volume, reduced echo heterogeneity, and lymph node enlargement in the affected parotid glands. All cases observed increased serum salivary amylase and total IgE levels. Investigation of food allergens and inhaled allergen-specific IgE showed that all patients had suspected food allergies. Food provocation tests (FPT) induced AP in 13 cases, confirming the role of food allergens.

CONCLUSION: Food allergens are involved in the etiology of AP, underscoring the importance of comprehensive clinical evaluation, including symptoms, signs, and confirmatory auxiliary tests, such as FPT, for accurate diagnosis and differentiation from other salivary gland pathologies.

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