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Correlation of various methods of hematopoietic progenitor cell estimation with standard flowcytometric CD34 enumeration.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Enumeration of hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) is vital to decide the time to initiate harvest (TTIH) and adequacy of harvest dose (AOHD). Standard of care used for HPC enumeration is flowcytometric CD34+ enumeration, but it is expensive, time-consuming and requires skilled staff to perform the test. Alternatively, HPC-count by advanced automated cell analyzer is cheaper, quicker, and easy-to-perform test. Our objective was to find a correlation of HPC count with CD34+ enumeration in leukapheresis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational, prospective study was conducted in the year 2018-2019. A total of 126 samples were included in the study, the peripheral blood (PB) group comprised of 42samples and apheresis group of 84 samples. The samples were simultaneously tested for CD34+ expression and complete blood count which included the HPC count, white blood cells (WBC) count and multinational corporation (MNC) count and correlation analysis was performed with CD34+ flowcytometric count. The cut-off of PB HPC count for the target dose of 5 × 106 CD34+ cells/kg was established using Receiver Operator Curve.

RESULTS: The correlation coefficient (r) of HPC with CD34+ count was 0.617 and 0.699 for PB group and apheresis group sample respectively, which was statistically significant. The correlation with MNC and WBC count was not very significant. A cut-off value of PB HPC was established to be 66 HPC/μl with a positive predictive value of 94.12%. The cost of CD34 + flow cytometric enumeration was six times that of HPC enumeration by analyzer.

CONCLUSION: The HPC count is a cheaper, rapid and easy test and can be clinically applied to predict TTIH and AOHD but requires more studies to validate its efficacy in clinical use.

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