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Demystification of artificial intelligence for respiratory clinicians managing patients with obstructive lung diseases.

INTRODUCTION: Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite all available diagnostics and treatments, these conditions pose a significant individual, economic and social burden. Artificial intelligence (AI) promises to support clinical decision-making processes by optimizing diagnosis and treatment strategies of these heterogeneous and complex chronic respiratory diseases. Its capabilities extend to predicting exacerbation risk, disease progression and mortality, providing healthcare professionals with valuable insights for more effective care. Nevertheless, the knowledge gap between respiratory clinicians and data scientists remains a major constraint for wide application of AI and may hinder future progress. This narrative review aims to bridge this gap and encourage AI deployment by explaining its methodology and added value in asthma and COPD diagnosis and treatment.

AREAS COVERED: This review offers an overview of the fundamental concepts of AI and machine learning, outlines the key steps in building a model, provides examples of their applicability in asthma and COPD care, and discusses barriers to their implementation.

EXPERT OPINION: Machine learning can advance our understanding of asthma and COPD, enabling personalized therapy and better outcomes. Further research and validation are needed to ensure the development of clinically meaningful and generalizable models.

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