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LINC01852 inhibits the tumorigenesis and chemoresistance in colorectal cancer by suppressing SRSF5-mediated alternative splicing of PKM.

Molecular Cancer 2024 January 25
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and chemoresistance is a major obstacle in its treatment. Despite advances in therapy, the molecular mechanism underlying chemoresistance in CRC is not fully understood. Recent studies have implicated the key roles of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the regulation of CRC chemoresistance.

METHODS: In this study, we investigated the role of the lncRNA LINC01852 in CRC chemoresistance. LINC01852 expression was evaluated in multiple CRC cohorts using quantitative reverse transcription PCR. We conducted in vitro and in vivo functional experiments using cell culture and mouse models. RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and dual luciferase assays were used to investigate the molecular mechanism of LINC01852 in CRC.

RESULTS: Our findings revealed that a lncRNA with tumor-inhibiting properties, LINC01852, was downregulated in CRC and inhibited cell proliferation and chemoresistance both in vitro and in vivo. Further mechanistic investigations revealed that LINC01852 increases TRIM72-mediated ubiquitination and degradation of SRSF5, inhibiting SRSF5-mediated alternative splicing of PKM and thereby decreasing the production of PKM2. Overexpression of LINC01852 induces a metabolic switch from aerobic glycolysis to oxidative phosphorylation, which attenuates the chemoresistance of CRC cells by inhibiting PKM2-mediated glycolysis.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that LINC01852 plays an important role in repressing CRC malignancy and chemoresistance by regulating SRSF5-mediated alternative splicing of PKM, and that targeting the LINC01852/TRIM72/SRSF5/PKM2 signaling axis may represent a potential therapeutic strategy for CRC.

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