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Anticonvulsant Agents for Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome: A Case Report With Lamotrigine and a Review of the Literature.

Neurologist 2024 January 23
INTRODUCTION: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder primarily treated with pregabalin and gabapentin, followed by dopamine agonists later in the process due to the risk of augmenting RLS symptoms. In addition, clinical reports have disclosed varying degrees of success employing other agents in patients unresponsive to traditional agents. Here, we present a patient who had success in the reduction of RLS symptoms with lamotrigine, a broad-spectrum anticonvulsant. Previously, lamotrigine had been used in 2 trials with successful treatment of RLS.

CASE REPORT: We present a 58-year-old right-handed lady with long-standing history of smoking, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, prediabetes, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, asthma, strabismus, uterine cancer, severe and debilitating course of RLS accompanied by unexplained deterioration. The patient initially demonstrated abnormal sensation in all her limbs, which worsened with radiotherapy treatment, and was eventually diagnosed with RLS based on the diagnostic criteria. Subsequent examinations were unremarkable and revealed no further explanation for the deterioration of the RLS symptoms. While the complexity of the patient's medical history had exposed her to a variety of medications, she reported that only lamotrigine, in addition to her original regimen of methadone and pramipexole, offered significant symptomatic relief. It must be noted that no adverse side effects, including impulse-control disorder, were reported by the patient.

CONCLUSIONS: We present a case of a woman whose deteriorating symptoms of RLS were successfully alleviated by the administration of lamotrigine. This is only the third case in the literature to have successfully utilized lamotrigine as a treatment option for RLS.

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