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A Systematic Review of the Effects of Provider Bias on Health in Youth and Young Adults with Type 1 Diabetes.

Current Diabetes Reports 2024 January 19
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although pervasive inequities in the health outcomes of youth and young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) exist, the role of provider bias in these inequities is not well-understood. The purpose of this review is to synthesize evidence from existing studies on the associations between patient characteristics, provider bias, and patient health.

RECENT FINDINGS: Fourteen articles were included. Determining the extent of the effects of provider bias on patient health is limited by a lack of consensus on its definition. Experiences of provider bias (e.g., shaming, criticism) negatively affects self-esteem, relationships with medical providers, and depressive symptoms. Provider bias also impacts diabetes technology recommendations, insulin regimen intensity, and risk for life-threatening T1D complications. Future studies are needed to develop questionnaires and interviews that better account for diverse experiences and interpretations of bias in T1D healthcare. More research is also needed to investigate mitigating factors to reduce provider bias as a way to improve psychological and physical health in individuals with T1D.

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