Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Impact of Istradefylline on Levodopa Dose Escalation in Parkinson's Disease: ISTRA ADJUST PD Study, a Multicenter, Open-Label, Randomized, Parallel-Group Controlled Study.

Neurology and Therapy 2024 January 17
INTRODUCTION: A higher levodopa dose is a risk factor for motor complications in Parkinson's disease (PD). Istradefylline (IST) is used as adjunctive treatment to levodopa in PD patients with off episodes, but its impact on levodopa dose titration remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of IST on levodopa dose escalation in PD patients with wearing-off.

METHODS: This was a multicenter, open-label, randomized, parallel-group controlled study (ISTRA ADJUST PD) in which PD patients experiencing wearing-off (n = 114) who were receiving levodopa 300-400 mg/day were randomized to receive IST or no IST (control). Levodopa dose was escalated according to clinical severity. The primary endpoint was cumulative additional levodopa dose, and secondary endpoints were changes in symptom rating scales, motor activity determined by a wearable device, and safety outcomes.

RESULTS: The cumulative additional levodopa dose throughout 37 weeks and dose increase over 36 weeks were significantly lower in the IST group than in the control group (both p < 0.0001). The Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Part I and device-evaluated motor activities improved significantly from baseline to 36 weeks in the IST group only (all p < 0.05). Other secondary endpoints were comparable between the groups. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) occurred in 28.8% and 13.2% of patients in the IST and control groups, respectively, with no serious ADRs in either group.

CONCLUSION: IST treatment reduced levodopa dose escalation in PD patients, resulting in less cumulative levodopa use. Adjunctive IST may improve motor function more objectively than increased levodopa dose in patients with PD.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Japan Registry of Clinical Trials: jRCTs031180248.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app