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HUMAN BLOOD MARKERS OF CHOLINERGIC NEUROTOXICITY AND NEUROPATHY: A USEFUL GUIDE FOR LABORATORY APPLICATIONS.

Neurotoxicology 2024 January 14
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) are useful markers to assess the effects of exposure to anticholinesterase insecticides (Anti-AChE). In addition, lymphocyte neuropathy target esterase (LNTE) has been used as biomarker of neuropathic organophosphate compounds (OPs). Thus, this study evaluates the main types of circulating biomarkers related to the cholinergic system and to the neuropathy induced by OPs in standardized human samples. To achieve this objective, total protein of human plasma, erythrocytes and lymphocytes were first standardized, and then AChE, BChE and LNTE activities in human blood were evaluated in the presence of inhibitors. The acceptance criteria of the regulatory agency were respected with coefficients of regression of curves of 0.9972 for cholinesterase and 0.9956 for LNTE analyses. The wavelength established to perform cholinesterase assay was 450nm and the time of incubation of the enzymes with inhibitors was 30minutes. Differences were observed among the IC50 values regarding the in vitro inhibition of AChE, BChE and LNTE in the presence of OPs. In conclusion, the procedures demonstrated by the present work were simple, fast, inexpensive, sensitive, easy to be replicated and suitable to make conclusions about the neurotoxicity induced by Anti-AChE and neuropathic OPs.

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