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Rapid cycle deliberate practice improves resident performance during ELBW resuscitation.

BACKGROUND: Neonatal Resuscitation is a required competency for pediatric and family medicine residency programs. Simulation-based training can be used to supplement clinical experience. Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice (RCDP) has been validated as an effective education model and is gaining favor over traditional simulation models. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a simulation-based rapid cycle deliberate practice (RCDP) intervention on extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant resuscitation.

METHODS: Pediatric and family practice residents were randomized to control and intervention groups and participated in pre- and post-NICU rotation simulations. The intervention group received one RCDP session. Simulations were scored by blinded video review for overall performance, positive pressure ventilation (PPV), endotracheal intubation and behavioral skills. Surveys assessed confidence in ELBW resuscitation.

RESULTS: Forty-one residents participated in the study. The RCDP group performed better than the control group at post-rotation evaluation for overall resuscitation performance (65% vs 87%, p = 0.004), administering PPV (63% vs 88%, p = 0.006), and validated behavior skills (1.4 vs 2.0, p = 0.019). Residents in the RCDP group reported greater confidence with ELBW resuscitation.

CONCLUSION: An educational intervention using RCDP was associated with improved resident performance and confidence in ELBW resuscitation. RCDP should be considered for NRP and ELBW resuscitation training.

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