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A novel defensin-like peptide C-13326 possesses protective effect against multidrug-resistant Aeromonas schubertii in hybrid snakehead (Channa maculate ♀ × Channa argus ♂).

Journal of Fish Diseases 2024 January 11
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a defensin-like antimicrobial peptide (C-13326 peptide) identified in Hermetia illucens could possess protective effect against multidrug-resistant Aeromonas schubertii in hybrid snakehead (Channa maculate ♀ × Channa argus ♂). The cDNA of C-13326 peptide comprised 243 nucleotides encoding 80 amino acids, with six conserved cysteine residues and the classical CSαβ structure. The recombinant expression plasmid pPIC9K-C-13326 was constructed and transformed into GS115 Pichia pastoris, and the C-13326 peptide was expressed by induction with 1% methanol. The crude extract of C-13326 peptide was precipitated by ammonium sulfate, assayed by Braford method, detected by tricine-SDS-PAGE, evaluated by BandScan software and identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The C-13326 peptide was shown to have inhibitory activity against the growth of multidrug-resistant A. schubertii DM210910 by using the minimum growth inhibitory concentration and Oxford cup method. In addition, scanning electron microscopy analysis suggested that C-13326 peptide inhibited the growth of A. schubertii DM210910 by damaging the bacterial cell membrane. To explore the role of peptide C-13326 in vivo, hybrid snakehead was fed with peptide C-13326 as feed additives for 7 days. The results revealed that C-13326 peptide could significantly down-regulate the expression levels of IL-1β, IL-8, IL-12 and TNF-α (p < .05), and significantly improved the survival rate of hybrid snakehead after challenging with A. schubertii DM210910. Therefore, the C-13326 peptide is a promising antimicrobial agent for A. schubertii treatment in aquaculture.

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