Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Comparison of diagnostic methods for detection of BRAFV600E mutation in ameloblastoma.

BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is an aggressively growing, highly recurrent odontogenic jaw tumor. Its association with BRAFV600E mutation is an indication for BRAFV00E-inhibitor therapy The study objective was to identify a sensitive low-cost test for BRAFV600E-positive ameloblastoma. We hypothesized that immunohistochemical staining of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues for BRAFV600E mutation is a low-cost surrogate for BRAFV600E gene sequencing when laboratory resources are inadequate for molecular testing.

METHODS: Tissues from 40 ameloblastoma samples were retrieved from either formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded blocks, RNAlater™ stabilization solution or samples inadvertently pre-fixed in formalin before transfer to RNAlater™. BRAFV600E mutation was assessed by Direct Sanger sequencing, Amplification Refractory Mutation System-PCR and immunohistochemistry (IHC).

RESULTS: BRAFV600E mutation was detected by IHC, Amplification Refractory Mutation System-PCR and Direct Sanger sequencing in 93.33%, 52.5% and 30% of samples respectively. Considering Direct Sanger sequencing as standard BRAFV600E detection method, there was significant difference between the three detection methods (𝜒2 (2) = 31.34, p < 0.0001). Sensitivity and specificity of IHC were 0.8 (95% CI: 0.64-0.90) and 0.9 (95% CI: 0.75-0.99) respectively, while positive predictive value and negative predictive value (NPV) were 0.9 and 0.8 (Fischer's test, p < 0.0001) respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of Amplification Refractory Mutation System-PCR detection method were 0.7 (95% CI: 0.53-0.80) and 0.9 (95% CI = 0.67-0.98) respectively, while PPV and NPV were 0.9 and 0.6 respectively (Fischer's test, p < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION: Low-cost and less vulnerability of IHC to tissue quality make it a viable surrogate test for BRAFV600E detection in ameloblastoma. Sequential dual IHC and molecular testing for BRAFV600E will reduce equivocal results that could exclude some patients from BRAFV600E-inhibitor therapies.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app