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Artificial Intelligence in the detection of skin cancer: state of the art.

Clinics in Dermatology 2024 January 4
The incidence of melanoma is increasing rapidly. This cancer has a good prognosis if detected early. For this reason, various systems of skin lesion image analysis, which support imaging diagnostics of this neoplasm, are developing very dynamically. To detect and recognize neoplastic lesions, these systems use various artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms. This area of computer science applications has recently undergone dynamic development, abounding in several solutions that are an effective tool supporting diagnosticians in many medical specialties. In this paper, a number of applications of different classes of AI algorithms for the detection of this skin melanoma are presented and evaluated. Both classic systems based on the analysis of dermoscopic images as well as total body systems, enabling the analysis of the patient's whole body to detect moles and pathological changes, are discussed. The increasingly popular applications that allow the analysis of lesion images using smartphones are also described. The quantitative evaluation of the discussed systems with particular emphasis on the method of validation of the implemented algorithms is presented. The advantages and limitations of AI in the analysis of lesion images are also discussed, and problems requiring a solution for more effective use of AI in dermatology are identified.

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