Clinical Trial, Phase II
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
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Short-term outcomes of preoperative chemotherapy with docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and S-1 for gastric cancer with extensive lymph node metastasis (JCOG1704).

Gastric Cancer 2024 March
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for marginally resectable gastric cancer with extensive lymph node metastasis (ELM) remains unfavorable, even after R0 resection. To assess the safety and efficacy of preoperative docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and S-1 (DOS), we conducted a multicenter phase II trial.

METHODS: Eligibility criteria included histologically proven HER2-negative gastric adenocarcinoma with bulky nodal (bulky N) involvement around major branched arteries or para-aortic node (PAN) metastases. Patients received three cycles of docetaxel (40 mg/m2 , day 1), oxaliplatin (100 mg/m2 , day 1), and S-1 (80-120 mg/body, days 1-14), followed by gastrectomy with D2 plus PAN dissection. Subsequently, patients underwent postoperative chemotherapy with S-1 for 1 year. The primary endpoint was major (grade ≥ 2a) pathological response rate (pRR) according to the Japanese Classification of Gastric Carcinoma criteria.

RESULTS: Between October 2018 and March 2022, 47 patients (bulky N, 20; PAN, 17; both, 10) were enrolled in the trial. One patient was ineligible. Another declined any protocol treatments before initiation. Among the 45 eligible patients who initiated DOS chemotherapy, 44 (98%) completed 3 cycles and 42 (93%) underwent R0 resection. Major pRR and pathological complete response rates among the 46 eligible patients, including the patient who declined treatment, were 57% (26/46) and 24% (11/46), respectively. Common grade 3 or 4 toxicities were neutropenia (24%), anorexia (16%), febrile neutropenia (9%), and diarrhea (9%). No treatment-related deaths occurred.

CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative chemotherapy with DOS yielded favorable pathological responses with an acceptable toxicity profile. This multimodal approach is highly promising for treating gastric cancer with ELM.

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