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Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma: ultrastructural study of 7 cases.

Ultrastructural Pathology 2023 December 22
Since first described, several studies about Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcomas (MIFS) have been published stating the clinicopathological, morphological and immunohistochemical features. However, the ultrastructural findings of these MIFS are limited. Thus, the objective of the present paper is to describe the ultrastructural characteristics of these type of tumors by utilizing tissue that was embedded in paraffin and submitted for immunohistochemistry.The tissue of seven different cases was obtained for ultrastructural study with automatized staining devices, that were later observed by using transmission electron microscopy. Histologically all cases displayed conventional structures of Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma (Reed-Sternberg like cells, pseudolipoblasts and emperipolesis). Conversely, two of them exhibited high-grade components, one rich in osteoclastic type giant cells and hypercellular areas, and another one rich in inflammation (Hodgkin-like).After immunohistochemistry, all the samples revealed positivity for CD68 with six cases CD163 and five being positive to CD34, Cyclin-D1, and D2-40. Ultrastructural findings indicated rough endoplasmic reticulum with dilatation of the cisterns that indented the nuclei ("soccer ball" cells), abundant lysosomes, phagolysosomes, and intermediate filaments evidencing this entity as a morphologic continuum that exhibited modified fibroblastic phenotype and variable proportion of macrophagic differentiation.

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