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Nonhormonal Male Contraceptive Development-Strategies for Progress.

Pharmacological Reviews 2023 December 16
Despite the widely demonstrated public health benefits of contraception, limited contraceptive options are available for men, placing both the contraceptive burden and opportunity solely on women. This review outlines the need for an increased focus on male contraceptive development and highlights several related topics, including the perspectives of women and men on male contraceptives, historical challenges, and reasons behind the persistent delays in male contraceptive development. It also discusses the importance of serendipitous observations in drug discovery and the limitations of depleting sperm or spermatogenic cells as a contraceptive approach. It further provides an overview of ongoing research and development on novel methods, with a goal to offer insights into the multifaceted aspects of nonhormonal male contraceptive development, addressing its implications for the health of men and women. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Despite well over half a century of effort in developing male contraceptives, there are no approved male contraceptive drugs on the market. This review aims to present strategies for progress in nonhormonal male contraception based on lessons learned from history, with the hope of expediting development and bringing a male contraceptive drug closer to reality.

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