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Isolated embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the anterior petrous bone in a young child: Focusing on the intra-operative diagnosis and differentials.

Clinical Neuropathology 2023 December 13
OBJECTIVE: Rhabdomyosarcoma is a common soft tissue tumor, but isolated involvement of anterior portion of petrous bone is exceedingly rare. Here, we present a case of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma involving the anterior petrous without involvement of the mastoid and middle ear.

PATIENT: A 6-year-old boy presented with a progressive right side lower motor neuron facial paresis for 1-month duration along with headache and recurrent vomiting episodes. Radiology showed a contrast-enhancing lesion involving the right petrous apex. He underwent craniotomy and excision of the lesion. Based on the frozen section, a diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma was rendered, and gross total resection could be achieved. Postoperative course was uneventful.

CONCLUSION: Isolated petrous bone involvement of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare presentation. Intra-operative frozen section plays a key role in decision making regarding the extent of excision. Hence, a prompt and accurate diagnosis is essential in managing these cases.

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