Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Incidence, risk factors and treatment of central nervous system immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in non-HIV patients with tuberculous meningitis: a multicentre observational study.

BACKGROUND: Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) affecting the central nervous system (CNS) is associated with poor outcomes.

AIMS: To report on risk factors for CNS-IRIS following tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in HIV-negative patients.

METHODS: In this retrospective multicentre study, all HIV-negative adult patients admitted between 2003 and 2021 with microbiologically proven TBM were included. The primary outcome measure was IRIS onset over follow-up. Characteristics of patients who developed IRIS were described. Factors associated with IRIS were identified using a multivariable logistic regression procedure.

RESULTS: Fifty-six patients (33.0 (27.0-44.3) years, 39 (69.6%) men) with microbiologically proven TBM were studied. All patients received antituberculosis treatment and 48 (n = 48/56; 85.7%) steroids at TBM diagnosis. During a median follow-up of 18.0 (12.0-27.3) months, IRIS occurred in 28 (n = 28/56, 50.0%) patients, at a median time of 2.0 (1.0-3.0) months after antituberculosis treatment was started. IRIS involved the CNS in all but one case. Imaging revealed new (n = 23/28, 82.1%) and/or worsening (n = 21/28; 75.0%) of previously recognised lesions. Multivariable analysis showed that meningeal enhancement on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (odds ratio (OR): 15.3; 95% confidence interval (CI): (1.19-1193.5)) at TBM diagnosis and high blood albumin level (OR: 1.21; 95% CI: (1.02-1.60)) were associated with the occurrence of CNS-IRIS during follow-up.

CONCLUSION: CNS-IRIS following TBM in non-HIV patients appears frequent and severe. Meningeal enhancement on brain MRI at tuberculosis diagnosis is a risk factor for CNS-IRIS.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app