Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Teamwork in community health committees: a case study in two urban informal settlements.

BACKGROUND: Community health committees (CHCs) are mechanisms for community participation in decision-making and overseeing health services in several low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). There is little research that examines teamwork and internal team relationships between members of these committees in LMICs. We aimed to assess teamwork and factors that affected teamwork of CHCs in an urban slum setting in Nairobi, Kenya.

METHODS: Using a qualitative case-study design, we explored teamwork of two CHCs based in two urban informal settlements in Nairobi. We used semi-structured interviews (n = 16) to explore the factors that influenced teamwork and triangulated responses using three group discussions (n = 14). We assessed the interpersonal and contextual factors that influenced teamwork using a framework for assessing teamwork of teams involved in delivering community health services.

RESULTS: Committee members perceived the relationships with each other as trusting and respectful. They had regular interaction with each other as friends, neighbors and lay health workers. CHC members looked to the Community Health Assistants (CHAs) as their supervisor and "boss", despite CHAs being CHC members themselves. The lay-community members in both CHCs expressed different goals for the committee. Some viewed the committee as informal savings group and community-based organization, while others viewed the committee as a structure for supervising Community Health Promoters (CHPs). Some members doubled up as both CHPs and CHC members. Complaints of favoritism arose from CHC members who were not CHPs whenever CHC members who were CHPs received stipends after being assigned health promotion tasks in the community. Underlying factors such as influence by elites, power imbalances and capacity strengthening had an influence on teamwork in CHCs.

CONCLUSION: In the absence of direction and support from the health system, CHCs morph into groups that prioritize the interests of the members. This redirects the teamwork that would have benefited community health services to other common interests of the team. Teamwork can be harnessed by strengthening the capacity of CHC members, CHAs, and health managers in team building and incorporating content on teamwork in the curriculum for training CHCs.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app