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Improving Asthma Action Plan Completion Rates across Five Divisions in an Academic Children's Hospital.

INTRODUCTION: Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children. Asthma Action Plans (AAPs) enable asthma self-management tailored to each patient and should be updated annually. At our institution, providers face challenges in creating reliable processes to consistently complete AAPs for patients with asthma. This project's aim was to increase the percentage of patients across five hospital divisions who have an up-to-date AAP from 80% in May 2021 to 85% by October 1, 2021.

METHODS: We launched a quality improvement (QI) project using the Model for Improvement, focusing on improving AAP completion rates across five hospital divisions providing ambulatory care for asthma patients. The divisions (Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Allergy, Pulmonary, and two Primary Care sites) participated in the QI process using tools to understand the problem context. They implemented a cross-divisional AAP completion competition from June to October 2021. Each month during Action Periods, divisions trialed their interventions using Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles. We held monthly Learning Sessions for divisions to collaborate on successful intervention strategies.

RESULTS: Statistical process control chart analysis demonstrated that the overall AAP completion rate increased from a baseline of 80% to 87% with the initiation of the competition. All divisions showed improvement in AAP completion rates during the active intervention period, but sustainment varied.

CONCLUSIONS: The cross-divisional competition motivated five divisions to improve processes to increase AAP completion rates. This approach effectively fostered engagement and idea sharing to boost performance, and may be considered for other QI projects.

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