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Determinants of willingness to pay for community-based health insurance scheme among households in rural community of southern Ethiopia.

BACKGROUND: Community-based health insurance programs are being acknowledged as effective strategies to attain universal health coverage and mitigate the financial catastrophic shock of the community. Even though Ethiopia has been focusing on the implementation and expansion of a community-based health insurance (CBHI) program since 2011, only a small number of people are enrolled, which might be attributed to a lack of willingness towards the program. The purpose of this study is to determine the willingness to pay for community-based health insurance and associated factors among households in the rural community of Gombora District, Hadiya Zone, southern Ethiopia.

METHODS: Using the multistage systematic random sampling technique, a sample of 421 households was chosen for a community-based cross-sectional study. The desired information was gathered using a pre-tested, structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire. The data was entered using Epi-Data V3.1 and exported to SPSS version 24.0 for statistical analysis. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the variables associated with the willingness to pay for community-based health insurance.

RESULTS: The study showed that 67.1% of respondents expressed a willingness to pay for community-based health insurance. The mean amount of money they are willing to pay for the scheme is 178.41 (± 57.21) Ethiopian Birr (ETB), or 6.43 (± 2.06) USD per household per annum in 2020. Based on multiple logistic regression analysis, belonging to Rich household compared to poor (AOR: 2.78, 95% CI: 1.54, 5.03), having a household head who can read and write (AOR: 2.90, 95% CI: 1.39, 6.05), family size greater than five (AOR: 1.76, 95% CI: 1.06, 2.92), indigenous community insurance (iddir) participation (AOR: 2.83, 95% CI: 1.61, 4.96), and the presence of chronic illness (AOR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.21, 3.12), were significantly associated with the willingness to pay for a CBHI scheme.

CONCLUSION: Households' willingness to pay for a CBHI scheme was found to be significantly influenced by poor household wealth status, household heads who cannot read and write, households with less than or equal to five family members, households who participate in greater or equal to two indigenous community insurance participations, and the absence of chronic illness within the household. Therefore, factors affecting households' willingness to pay should be considered and massive community mobilization needs to be done to strengthen and increase household membership during the implementation of the CBHI scheme, especially in rural areas.

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