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Gnathic Schwannomas: A Report of Two Cases and Systematic Review of the Literature.

BACKGROUND: The intraosseous schwannoma (IS) is a benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor postulated to arise de novo or from nerve fibers in preexisting nutrient canals. ISs are uncommon and comprise less than 1% of neoplasms originating in bone. We herein present two cases of mandibular schwannomas-the first case was a 66-year-old female with a four-month history of pain and pressure associated with an anterior mandibular radiolucency, and the second case was an asymptomatic 12-year-old female with separate radiolucencies of her mandibular symphysis and right posterior mandible. Incisional biopsies of all three lesions showed a benign spindle cell neoplasm with histologic features of a schwannoma; the tumor cells were strongly reactive for S-100. The patients underwent complete enucleation of their lesions and are without evidence of disease at ten months and five years, respectively.

METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken to evaluate the diagnostic features, treatment, and patient outcomes of gnathic schwannomas.

RESULTS: A total of 93 cases were identified with the following demographic findings: predominance in females (57%); average age of occurrence of 37.3 years (8 to 77 years); mean size of 3.6 cm; and involvement of the mandibular body (37.6%), mandibular body and ramus (18.3%), and anterior mandible (18.3%). The predominant clinical sign was swelling (69.9%), and the most common radiographic presentation was a radiolucency (94.6%) with well-defined borders (72%).

CONCLUSION: All cases were treated surgically, with an average follow-up interval of 22.9 months and a recurrence rate of 5.4.

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