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The Association between anticholinergic/sedative burden and physical frailty in people aging with HIV.

AIDS 2023 December 5
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate the strength of the association between anticholinergic/sedative burden and concurrent physical frailty in people aging with HIV.

DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis examined baseline data from 824 adults with a mean age of 53 enrolled in the Positive Brain Health Now study.

METHODS: Anticholinergic medications were identified using four methods: Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden (ACB) scale, Anticholinergic Risk Scale (ARS), Anticholinergic Drug Scale (ADS), and the anticholinergic list of the Anticholinergic and Sedative Burden Catalog (ACSBC). Sedatives were identified using the Sedative Load Model (SLM) and the sedative list of the ACSBC. Physical frailty was assessed using a modified Fried Frailty Phenotype based on self-report items. Multivariable logistic regression models, adjusted for sociodemographic factors, lifestyle considerations, HIV-related variables, comorbidities, and co-medication use, were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs).

RESULTS: Anticholinergic burden demonstrated associations with frailty across various methods: total anticholinergic burden (OR range: 1.22-1.32; 95% CI range: 1.03-1.66), sedative burden (OR range: 1.18-1.24; 95% CI range: 1.02-1.45), high anticholinergic burden (OR range: 2.12-2.74; 95% CI range: 1.03-6.19), and high sedative burden (OR range: 1.94-2.18; 95% CI: 1.01-4.34).

CONCLUSION: The anticholinergic and sedative burdens may represent modifiable risk factors for frailty in people aging with HIV. Future studies should evaluate the effects of reducing anticholinergic and sedative burdens on frailty outcomes and explore the prognostic value of diverse scoring methods.

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