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Chiari Type 1 Malformation: An Unusual Cause of Tinnitus.

Chiari Malformations are a group of conditions defined in 1891 with 5 degrees being described. These malformations present with several symptoms such as cervical protrusion and are associated with hydrocephalus. Also, they can also present with different clinical signs and symptoms, such as deafness and tinnitus. We present a case of a 45-year-old man with unilateral tinnitus evaluated in otolaryngology office. No other symptoms on otolaryngological physical exam were detected in the audiogram performed it was described a significant unilateral sensorineural hearing loss. During the study of this patient, Magnetic Resonance Imaging was requested, showing a type I Chiari malformation. The patient was then observed by Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery. No other neurological symptoms of malformation Chiari syndrome or cranial nerve abnormalities were presented at the respective exam. The surgical management of these pathologies takes into account an adequate CSF and venous blood flow - that was seen in this patient, therefore, there was no surgical indication for decompression. The patient maintains its follow-up in the otolaryngology, neurology, and neurosurgery office, and tinnitus was minimized after prosthetic adaptation was recommended to optimize the quality of life, which was achieved.

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