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Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection in Cervical Artery Dissections.

Neurologist 2023 November 7
OBJECTIVE: Most cervical artery dissection (CeAD) cases are spontaneous or due to minor traumas, and preceding viral infections have been suggested to be a triggering event for CeAD in some. Herein, we analyze the prevalence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in hospitalized patients with CeAD using a national database.

METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was queried from April 2020 to December 2020 for patients with a diagnosis of CeAD using International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition-Clinical Modification codes. Among these, patients with COVID-19 were identified. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to assess the patient profile of those with COVID-19, in-patient mortality, and home discharge among patients with CeAD.

RESULTS: There were 360 (2.32%) hospitalizations involving COVID-19 among 15,500 with CeAD. Concomitant acute ischemic stroke constituted 43.06% of those with a COVID-19 diagnosis, whereas it was 43.73% among those without a COVID-19 diagnosis (P = 0.902). Home discharges were less common in patients with COVID-19 and CeAD compared to CeAD alone (34.85% vs. 48.63%; P = 0.03), but this was likely due to other factors as multivariate regression analysis did not show an association between COVID-19 and home discharges (odds ratio: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.39 to 1.25; P = 0.22). COVID-19 diagnosis had similar odds of inpatient mortality (odds ratio: 1.11; 95% CI: 0.43 to 2.84; P = 0.84).

CONCLUSION: The prevalence of COVID-19 among hospitalized patients with CeAD is low with 2.32% of all CeAD cases. Concomitant COVID infection did not lead to an increased risk of stroke in CeAD. However, potentially worse functional outcomes (fewer home discharges) without an increase in mortality were seen in patients with COVID and CeAD.

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