JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Neonatal surfactant therapy beyond respiratory distress syndrome.

Whilst exogenous surfactant therapy is central to the management of newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome, its use in other neonatal lung diseases remains inconsistent and controversial. Here we discuss the evidence and experience in relation to surfactant therapy in newborns with other lung conditions in which surfactant may be deficient or dysfunctional, including meconium aspiration syndrome, pneumonia, congenital diaphragmatic hernia and pulmonary haemorrhage. We find that, for all of these diseases, administration of exogenous surfactant as bolus therapy is frequently associated with transient improvement in oxygenation, likely related to temporary mitigation of surfactant inhibition in the airspaces. However, for none of them is there a lasting clinical benefit of surfactant therapy. By virtue of interrupting disease pathogenesis, lavage therapy with dilute surfactant in MAS offers the greatest possibility of a more pronounced therapeutic effect, but this has yet to be definitively proven. Lavage therapy also involves a greater degree of procedural risk.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app