Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Transcriptomic signatures of chronic active antibody-mediated rejection deciphered by RNA sequencing of human kidney allografts.

Kidney International 2023 November 30
Natural killer (NK) cells mediate spontaneous cell-mediated cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity. This dual functionality could enable their participation in chronic active antibody-mediated rejection (CA-ABMR). Earlier microarray profiling studies have not subcategorized antibody-mediated rejection into CA-ABMR and active-ABMR, and the gene expression pattern of CA-ABMR has not been compared with that of T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR). To fill these gaps, we RNA sequenced human kidney allograft biopsies categorized as CA-ABMR, active-ABMR, TCMR, or No Rejection (NR). Among the 15,910 genes identified in the biopsies, 60, 114, and 231 genes were uniquely overexpressed in CA-ABMR, TCMR, and active-ABMR, respectively, compared to NR, 50 genes were shared between CA-ABMR and active-ABMR, and 164 genes between CA-ABMR and TCMR. The overexpressed genes were annotated to NK cells and T cells in CA-ABMR and TCMR, and to neutrophils and monocytes in active-ABMR. The NK cell cytotoxicity and allograft rejection pathways were enriched in CA-ABMR. Genes encoding perforin, granzymes, and death receptor, were overexpressed in CA-ABMR versus ABMR but not compared to TCMR. NK cell cytotoxicity pathway gene set variation analysis score was higher in CA-ABMR compared to active-ABMR but not in TCMR. Principal component analysis of the deconvolved immune cellular transcriptomes separated CA-ABMR and TCMR from active-ABMR and NR. Immunohistochemistry of kidney allograft biopsies validated a higher proportion of CD56+ NK cells in CA-ABMR than in active-ABMR. Thus, CA-ABMR was exemplified by the overexpression of the NK cell cytotoxicity pathway gene set and, surprisingly, molecularly more like TCMR than active-ABMR.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app