Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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RVX-208, an inducer of Apolipoprotein A-I, inhibits the particle production of hepatitis B virus through activation of cGAS-STING pathway.

Antiviral Therapy 2023 December
BACKGROUND: Previously, we have demonstrated that Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) could inhibit the secretion of Hepatitis B virus (HBV), suggesting that stimulation of ApoA-I may block particle production. In the present study, we evaluated the anti-HBV effect of RVX-208, a small-molecule stimulator of ApoA-I gene expression.

METHODS: RVX-208 was used to treat HepG2.2.15 cell, a HepG2 derived cell line stably producing HBV virus. Real-time PCR was performed to examine the HBV DNA levels. Magnetic particles, which were coated with anti-HBS or anti-HBE antibody, were used to examine the HBsAg and HBeAg levels in the supernatant of cultured HepG2.2.15 cells in combination with the enzyme conjugates that were prepared with horseradish peroxidase labelled anti-HBS or anti-HBE antibody in a double antibody sandwich manner. RNA-seq, immunoblots and real-time PCR were used to analyze the functional mechanism of RVX-208.

RESULTS: RVX-208 could elevate the ApoA-I protein levels in HepG2.2.15 cells. In the meantime, RVX-208 significantly repressed HBV DNA, HBsAg and HBeAg levels in the supernatants of HepG2.2.15 cells. RNA-seq data revealed that RVX-208 treatment not only affected the cholesterol metabolism, which is closely related to ApoA-I, but also regulated signalling pathways that are associated with antiviral immune response. Moreover, mechanistic studies demonstrated that RVX-208 could activate cGAS-STING pathway and upregulate the transcription of a series of interferons, pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines with antiviral potential that are at the downstream of cGAS-STING pathway.

CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that RVX-208, an inducer of ApoA-I, could suppress HBV particle production through activation of cGAS-STING pathway.

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