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Virologic Response to Dolutegravir Plus Lamivudine in People With Suppressed Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 and Historical M184V/I: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-analysis.

BACKGROUND: To investigate the impact of the M184V/I mutation on virologic response to dolutegravir plus lamivudine (DTG + 3TC) in suppressed-switch populations, a meta-analysis was performed using virologic outcomes from people with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (PWH) with and without M184V/I before DTG + 3TC switch in real-world studies identified via systematic literature review. Sensitivity analyses were performed using data from PWH with M184V/I in interventional studies identified via targeted literature review.

METHODS: Single-arm meta-analyses using common- and random-effects models were used to estimate proportions of PWH with virologic failure (VF) among real-world populations with and without M184V/I and interventional study participants with M184V/I at 24, 48, and 96 weeks.

RESULTS: Literature reviews identified 5 real-world studies from 3907 publications and 51 abstracts meeting inclusion criteria and 5 interventional studies from 1789 publications and 3 abstracts. All time points had low VF incidence in PWH with M184V/I (real-world: 1.43%-3.81%; interventional: 0.00%) and without (real-world: 0.73%-2.37%). Meta-analysis-estimated proportions (95% confidence interval) with VF were low at weeks 24, 48, and 96, respectively, for PWH with M184V/I (real-world: 0.01 [.00-.04], 0.03 [.01-.06], and 0.04 [.01-.07]; interventional: 0.00 [.00-.02], 0.00 [.00-.01], and 0.00 [.00-.03]) and without (real-world: 0.00 [.00-.02], 0.02 [.01-.04], and 0.02 [.00-.05]). One real-world study (n = 712) reported treatment-emergent M184V at VF in 1 of 652 (0.15%) PWH without prior M184V/I.

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that prior M184V/I has minimal impact on virologic suppression after switching to DTG + 3TC and provide reassurance when considering switching regimens in virologically suppressed PWH with incomplete treatment history or limited treatment options.

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