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Visualizing the dynamic mechanical power and time burden of mechanical ventilation patients: an analysis of the MIMIC-IV database.

Journal of Intensive Care 2023 November 30
BACKGROUND: Limiting driving pressure and mechanical power is associated with reduced mortality risk in both patients with and without acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, it is still poorly understood how the intensity of mechanical ventilation and its corresponding duration impact the risk of mortality.

METHODS: Critically ill patients who received mechanical ventilation were identified from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC)-IV database. A visualization method was developed by calculating the odds ratio of survival for all combinations of ventilation duration and intensity to assess the relationship between the intensity and duration of mechanical ventilation and the mortality risk.

RESULTS: A total of 6251 patients were included. The color-coded plot demonstrates the intuitive concept that episodes of higher dynamic mechanical power can only be tolerated for shorter durations. The three fitting contour lines represent 0%, 10%, and 20% increments in the mortality risk, respectively, and exhibit an exponential pattern: higher dynamic mechanical power is associated with an increased mortality risk with shorter exposure durations.

CONCLUSIONS: Cumulative exposure to higher intensities and/or longer duration of mechanical ventilation is associated with worse outcomes. Considering both the intensity and duration of mechanical ventilation may help evaluate patient outcomes and guide adjustments in mechanical ventilation to minimize harmful exposure.

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