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Zoledronic acid sequential to teriparatide may promote greater inhibition of bone resorption than zoledronic acid alone.

BACKGROUND: Teriparatide (TPTD) should be followed by an antiresorptive to maximize bone mineral density gain and anti-fracture protection. Infrequent zoledronic acid (ZOL) administration has demonstrated effectiveness. The duration of ZOL effect following TPTD is unknown.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of ZOL on bone resorption marker in a post-TPTD versus ZOL-alone scenario in osteoporotic patients.

DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.

METHODS: Patients treated with TPTD followed by ZOL (TPTD-ZOL) or with a single ZOL infusion were identified in the database of a tertiary referral center. Clinical and laboratory data, including C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) following ZOL treatment, were compared.

RESULTS: Twenty-six patients (93% women) treated with TPTD-ZOL and 41 with ZOL were comparable in age (median 70.1 versus 69.6 years, p  = 0.6) and sex. Timing of CTX measurement post-ZOL was the same, median 1.0 year. CTX was lower following TPTD-ZOL (median 142.1 versus 184.2 pg/mL, p  = 0.005). In a multivariable regression model (controlled for baseline characteristics), pretreatment with TPTD strongly predicted CTX <150 pg/mL, 1 year following ZOL (odds ratio = 7.5, 95% CI 1.3-58.1, p  = 0.03). In a subgroup with sequential CTX measurements following one ZOL, significantly lower levels persisted in the TPTD-ZOL group for a median of 4.4 years follow-up.

CONCLUSION: ZOL-administered sequential to TPTD yielded deeper and more prolonged bone resorption suppression than ZOL alone. Prospective data are needed to confirm whether in a sequential treatment scenario, subsequent ZOL dosing interval should be less frequent.

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