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Duodenal neuroendocrine tumors: Short-term outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection performed in the Western setting.

Background and study aims Endoscopic resection (ER) is recommended for the management of duodenal neuroendocrine tumors (D-NETs) confined to the submucosal layer, without lymph node or distant metastasis. While this is accepted practice for lesions < 10 mm, consensus for larger lesions remains unclear. Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been proposed as the preferred ER technique for DNETs ≥10 mm, there are limited data on efficacy and safety, particularly in the Western setting. Patients and methods We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with D-NETs who underwent ESD between 2012 and 2022 in three tertiary referral centers in Australia, France, and Belgium. Results Fourteen patients with 15 D-NETs were evaluated. Median patient age was 64 years (interquartile range [IQR] 58-70 years). All D-NETs were confined to the duodenal bulb. Median D-NET size was 10 mm (IQR 7-12 mm) and specimen size was 15 mm (IQR 15-20 mm). Median procedure time was 60 minutes (IQR 25-90 minutes). The rate of en bloc resection was 100%. Intra-procedural perforation occurred in four patients (26.7%), with all closed endoscopically without long-term sequelae. There were no episodes of clinically significant bleeding. No local recurrence, lymph node or distant metastasis was observed at a median follow-up of 19.9 months (IQR 10.3-49.3 months). Conclusions In experienced hands, ESD for D-NETs can achieve a 100% en bloc resection rate. There were no cases of local recurrence or distant metastatic spread, indicating that ESD may be a viable option for patients with D-NETs 10 to 15 mm that are not surgical candidates.

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