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Association of Complete Blood Cell Count-Derived Inflammatory Biomarkers with Psoriasis and Mortality.

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Psoriasis is a persistent inflammatory disorder that affects 3% of the population and is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the correlations between complete blood cell count (CBC)-derived inflammatory biomarkers, psoriasis prevalence, and all-cause mortality.

METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) spanning 2003-2006 and 2009-2014. Mortality data up to December 31, 2019 were obtained using the National Death Index. The following CBC-derived inflammatory biomarkers were examined: neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), neutrophil/(white blood cells - neutrophils) ratio (dNLR), monocyte count/lymphocyte ratio (MLR), (neutrophil + monocyte)/lymphocyte ratio (NMLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI). Weighted logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to calculate odds ratios, hazard ratios, and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Additionally, the prognostic value of the inflammatory indicators was assessed and ranked using the random survival forest approach.

RESULTS: In total, data from 21,431 participants with average age of 45.02 ± 0.27 years (49.51% male) were included in the study, among which 600 participants were positive for psoriasis (prevalence rate, 2.80%). Additionally, 79 all-cause deaths were recorded during a median follow-up period of 8.83 (6.67-11.00) years. Moreover, NLR, dNLR, NMLR, PLR, and SIRI were positively associated with the prevalence of psoriasis. Furthermore, MLR, NMLR, and SIRI were positively correlated with all-cause mortality in patients with psoriasis, with NMLR being the most valuable predictor of all-cause mortality.

CONCLUSION: CBC-derived inflammatory biomarkers were associated with psoriasis prevalence, NMLR, SIRI, and MLR values were associated with all-cause mortality in patients with psoriasis. Overall, assessment of these CBC-derived indicators may serve as a simple method for screening high-risk individuals among patients with psoriasis.

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