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Renal sympathetic denervation ameliorates the activated inflammatory response through JAK-STAT pathway in a chronic obstructive sleep apnea animal model.

Sleep Medicine 2023 November 22
OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is known to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and inflammation plays a significant role in this process. Renal denervation (RDN) is a novel approach aimed at reducing sympathetic nervous system activity. The role of RDN in the inflammatory response to chronic OSA (COSA) is currently unclear. The main objective was to study inflammatory mechanisms in the rabbit heart with COSA and the effects of RDN.

METHODS: Eighteen rabbits were randomized into three groups: sham control, COSA, and COSA-RDN. COSA and COSA-RDN groups received liquid silicone injections, while the sham control group received normal saline. We performed combined surgical and chemical RDN through bilateral retroperitoneal flank incisions in the COSA-RDN group after silicone injections. The inflammatory mechanisms were assessed through immunoblotting, real-time PCR, and ELISA after the experiment.

RESULTS: H&E staining showed immune cell infiltration in COSA, which decreased after RDN treatment. The level of α7nAChR was significantly reduced in COSA compared to the sham control but was restored to a similar level in the COSA-RDN group. Furthermore, the expressions of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 were significantly reduced in COSA but showed an up-regulation following RDN treatment. Similarly, levels of the inflammatory markers IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α were markedly increased in COSA but decreased after RDN therapy. We observed NF-κB activation in the COSA rabbit model, which decreased after RDN treatment, as evidenced by decreased NF-κB expression.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that RDN treatment may prevent COSA-associated heart inflammation via the JAK2-STAT3 signaling pathway.

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