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Evaluation of Diagnostic Significance of Salivary miRNA-184 and miRNA-21 in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders.

BACKGROUND: Altered levels of miRNAs might affect the pathogenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD). This study evaluated the diagnostic potential of salivary miRNA-21 and miRNA-184 in OSCC and OPMD.

METHODS: We recruited a total of 90 subjects including OSCC, OPMD, and healthy controls. RNA was isolated from the saliva samples of the study subjects. Expression of miRNA-21 and miRNA-184 was analyzed using qRT-PCR. Their levels were compared and the diagnostic cut-off was determined using the ROC curve.

RESULTS: There was a significant increase in miRNA-21 and a decrease in miRNA-184 in OSCC and OPMD as compared to healthy controls (p < 0.001). Levels of salivary miRNA-21 and miRNA-184 can differentiate OSCC and OPMD from controls and premalignant conditions from malignant conditions.

CONCLUSION: Salivary miRNA-21 and miRNA-184 may be beneficial for the early detection of OSCC and OPMD. Also, saliva can be used for detecting neoplastic transformation of oral mucosa since it is non-invasive and easily accessible.

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