Front-line chemo-immunotherapy for treating epithelial ovarian cancer: Part I CA125 and anti-CA125.
The current standard therapy of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the combination of surgery (primary cytoreductive surgery or interval cytoreductive surgery) and platinum-based chemotherapy (mainly using paclitaxel and carboplatin either by neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or by postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy) with/without adding targeted therapy (mainly using anti-angiogenesis agent- bevacizumab). After front-line chemotherapy, the advanced-stage EOC can be successfully controlled and three-quarters of patients can achieve a complete clinical remission. Unfortunately, nearly all patients will recur and progression-free survival (PFS) of these patients is seldom more than 3 years with a dismal median PFS of 12-18 months. With each recurrence, patients finally develop resistance to standard chemotherapy regimen, contributing to fewer than half of women who survive for more than 5 years after diagnosis with a median overall survival (OS) of 40.7 months. Due to the lower PFS and OS, particularly for those advanced-stage patients, novel therapeutic options during the front-line therapy are desperately needed to decrease the occurrence of recurrence, and the majority of them are still under investigation. It is well-known that overexpression of CA125 has been associated with attenuated cellular apoptosis, platinum chemotherapy resistance, tumor proliferation and disease progression, suggesting that anti-CA125 may play a role in the management of patients with EOC. The current review is a Part I which will focus on development of anti-CA125 monoclonal antibody, hoping that alternation of the front-line therapy by chemo-immunotherapy will be beneficial for prolonged survival of patients with EOC.
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