Providing environmentally sustainable nephrology care: focus in low- and middle-income countries.
Health care on a global scale significantly contributes to carbon emissions, with high-income countries being the primary culprits. Within health care, dialysis plays a significant role as a major source of emissions. Low- and middle-income countries have a high burden of kidney disease and are facing an increasing demand for dialysis. This reality presents multiple opportunities to plan for environmentally sustainable and quality kidney care. By placing a stronger emphasis on primary and secondary prevention of kidney disease and its progression, within the framework of universal health coverage, as well as empowering patients to enhance self-care, we can significantly reduce the need for costly and environmentally detrimental kidney replacement therapy. Mandating the adoption of lean and innovative low-carbon dialysis practices while also promoting the growth of kidney transplantation would enable low- and middle-income countries to take the lead in implementing environmentally friendly nephrology practices and reducing costs, thus optimizing sustainability and the well-being of individuals living with kidney disease.
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