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Managing substance use in patients receiving therapeutic repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: A scoping review.

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is an invaluable treatment option for neuropsychiatric disorders. Co-occurring recreational and nonmedical substance use can be common in those presenting for rTMS treatment, and it is unknown how it may affect the safety and efficacy of rTMS for the treatment of currently approved neuropsychiatric indications. This scoping review aimed to map the literature on humans receiving rTMS and had a history of any type of substance use. The search identified 274 articles providing information on inclusion/exclusion criteria, withdrawal criteria, safety protocols, type of rTMS and treatment parameters, adverse events and effect on primary outcomes that related to substance use. There are neurophysiological effects of substance use on cortical excitability, although the relevance to clinical rTMS practice is unknown. The current literature supports the safety and feasibility of delivering rTMS to those who have co-occurring neuropsychiatric disorder and substance use. However, specific details on how varying degrees of substance use alters the safety, efficacy, and mechanisms of rTMS remains poorly described.

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