Epileptic encephalopathies are defined by the presence of frequent epileptiform activity that causes neurodevelopmental slowing or regression. Here, we review evidence that epilepsy surgery improves neurodevelopment in children with epileptic encephalopathies. We describe an example patient with epileptic encephalopathy without drug refractory seizures, who underwent successful diagnostic and therapeutic surgeries. In patients with epileptic encephalopathy, cognitive improvement alone is a sufficient indication to recommend surgical intervention in experienced centers.
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