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Proteomic characterization identifies clinically relevant subgroups of gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

Gastroenterology 2023 November 22
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract, and it has high metastatic and recurrence rates. We aimed to characterize the proteomic features of GIST to understand biological processes and treatment vulnerabilities.

METHODS: Quantitative proteomics and phosphoproteomics analyses were performed on 193 GIST patients to reveal the biological characteristics of GIST. Data-driven hypotheses were tested by performing functional experiments utilizing both GIST cell lines and xenograft mouse models.

RESULTS: Proteomic analysis revealed differences in the molecular features of GISTs from different locations or with different histological grades. MAPK7 was identified and functionally proved to be associated with tumor cell proliferation in GIST. Integrative analysis revealed that increased SQSTM1 expression inhibited the patient response to imatinib mesylate. Proteomics subtyping identified four clusters of tumors with different clinical and molecular attributes. Functional experiments confirmed the role of SRSF3 in promoting tumor cell proliferation and leading to poor prognosis.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides a valuable data resource and highlights potential therapeutic approaches for GIST.

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