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A Novel Surgical Technique for Gynecomastia: Air-Assisted Minimally Invasive Surgery With Single Axillary Incision.

Surgical Innovation 2023 November 24
BACKGROUND: Gynecomastia is a benign condition that develops due to the proliferation of breast tissue in men. Surgical excision is the most effective treatment method. Minimally invasive techniques can be used to avoid visible scarring. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of air-assisted subcutaneous mastectomy in the treatment of gynecomastia.

PATIENT AND METHODS: 10 patients with gynecomastia underwent air-assisted subcutaneous mastectomy and liposuction through a single axillary incision, between June 2022 and February 2023. Demographic and clinical data of the patients, duration of surgery, and complications were recorded. The satisfaction levels of the patients regarding physical appearance, mental status, and social environment were measured. The body Q questionnaire was performed preoperatively and in the postoperative third month.

RESULTS: The median age was 26 (range, 18-54). Surgical excision was measured as a median of 69 gr (range, 41-177), and liposuction volume was measured as a median of 210 ccs (range, 63-400). The median operation time was 50 minutes (range, 21-60) for excision and 21 minutes (range, 20-75) for liposuction. Body, chest, and nipples related appearance satisfaction levels were measured preoperatively as a median of 44 (range, 36.5-52), 31 (range, 27.5-39), and 51.5 (range, 21-69.8) points vs postoperatively as 92 (range, 92-100), 93 (range, 93-94.8) and 90 (range, 90-100) points, respectively. The patients had a median follow-up of 6 months (range, 3-11). No complications were observed during the follow-up period.

CONCLUSION: Air-assisted subcutaneous mastectomy and liposuction is a feasible technique that may provide good cosmetic outcomes by avoiding anterior chest wall scarring.

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