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Quantification of Postoperative Inflammation in Laser and Surgical Procedures for Glaucoma with Laser Flare Photometry: A Review of the Literature.

Current Eye Research 2023 November 24
PURPOSE: To review the application of laser flare photometry (LFP) in the objective quantification of aqueous flare (anterior chamber inflammation) post laser and surgical procedures for glaucoma.

METHODS: A search was undertaken using the following: PubMed (all years), the Web of Science (all years), Ovid MEDLINE (R) (1980 to 30 March 2023), Ovid MEDLINE (R) Daily Update 30 March 2023, MEDLINE and MEDLINE non-indexed items, Embase (1980-2021, week 52), Ovid MEDLINE (R) and Epub Ahead of Print, in-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations and Daily (1980 to 30 March 2023), CENTRAL (including Cochrane Eyes and Vision Trials Register), metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT) (www.controlled-trials.com), ClinicalTrials.gov (www.clinicaltrial.gov) and the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (www.who.int/ictrp/search/en). Search terms included "aqueous flare," "anterior chamber inflammation," "tyndallometry," "laser flare photometry" combined with "laser," "iridotomy," "trabeculoplasty," "cataract surgery," "phacoemulsification," "glaucoma surgery," "minimally invasive glaucoma surgery," "trabeculectomy," "aqueous shunt," "glaucoma drainage" and "cyclophotocoagulation."

RESULTS: The majority of studies utilizing laser flare photometry in grading flare have been post laser trabeculoplasty. The degree of flare produced varies according to the type of glaucoma laser or surgery performed, with filtration procedures and glaucoma drainage devices having marked and prolonged detectable levels. Aqueous flare in cyclodestructive procedures positively correlated with intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction.

CONCLUSION: In comparison to clinician grading, laser flare photometry provides a more objective measure of post-surgical inflammation in eyes that have undergone laser and surgery for glaucoma. Further research is warranted into how this instrument can be utilized to identify eyes at high risk of failure and other adverse outcomes after glaucoma surgery.

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