Clot waveform analysis in acute promyelocytic leukemia.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT)-based clot waveform analysis (CWA) in patients diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). APTT-based and PT-based CWA parameters of patients diagnosed with APL were analyzed and compared with healthy volunteers. Four APTT-CWA parameters were noted, maximum velocity corresponding to the first peak of the first derivative (max1), maximum acceleration corresponding to the first peak of the second derivative (max2) and the corresponding peak times of max1 and max2 (Tmax1, Tmax2). For the PT-CWA, two PT-CWA parameters were noted, maximum velocity (max1') and the corresponding timing (Tmax1'). The results were expressed in medians. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the CWA parameters. Correlations were examined using the Spearman correlation test. Tmax1 and Tmax2 were significantly prolonged in patients with APL in comparison with healthy volunteers. Although max1 and max2 were lower in APL patients compared with healthy volunteers, no significant difference was noted. There was a strong and significant correlation between the DIC score and the parameters max1, max2 and max1' and a very strong and significant correlation between fibrinogen levels and max1, max2 and max1'. When comparing DIC patients with hypofibrinogenemia and DIC without hypofibrinogenemia, a significant difference was noted in max1, max2, Tmax1 and Tmax2. The APTT and PT-based CWA analysis is a good tool to evaluate the bleeding tendency in APL, as it offers a novel approach for evaluating global hemostasis, predicting the bleeding risk and delivering improvements to APL patients management.
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