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Relationship between the impacted mandibular third molar and adjacent second molar' external root resorption by cone-bean computed tomography analysis.

BACKGROUND: The relationship between the impacted mandibular third molar (IMTM) and the external root resorption (ERR) of the mandibular second molar (MSM) was analysed with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The risk factors affecting the ERR of the MSM were examined to provide a reference.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 327 patients (total: 578 teeth) admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Yanbian University for IMTM extraction from January 2017 to December 2019 was chosen and divided according to gender and age. The correlation between the IMTM and ERR of MSM was analysed, including inclination angle, impaction direction and depth. The relationship of mandibular ascending ramus classification with ERR of MSM was also analysed. In addition, the correlation between the MTM impaction type and the severity of ERR was analysed.

RESULTS: The incidence of ERR of MSM in male patients was higher than in females (27.9% vs.17.6%, p = 0.018). The occurrence and the site of ERR showed statistical differences in the inclination angle [(≤20°, 3.6%) vs. (21°-40°, 27.1%) vs. (41°-60°, 27.6%) vs. (61°-80°, 25.6%) vs. (>80°, 31.7%), p <0.001], impaction direction [(Vertical, 1.1%) vs. (Mesial, 32.7%) vs. (Horizontal, 25.3%), p <0.001] and depth of MTM [(Low position, 38.6%) vs. (Median position, 32.0%) vs. (High position, 13.7%), p <0.001]. Also, there was a significant difference in the mandibular ascending ramus type [(Class I, 17.4%) vs. (Class II, 32.3%) vs. (Class III, 44.9%), p <0.001]. In addition, the severity of ERR showed statistical differences in the mesial (40.9%, p<0.05), lower impaction (54.5%, p<0.05) depth of MTM and type III of mandibular ascending ramus (63.6%, p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The inclination angle, impaction direction, and depth of MTM were the influencing factors for the occurrence and site of ERR. Also, mandibular ascending ramus type was the impact fact. For MTM with mesioangular, lower impaction, and mandibular ascending ramus with type III, the ERR of the MSM was severer.

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