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Gonadotropin-secreting and thyrotropin-secreting pituitary adenomas: A single-center experience.

OBJECTIVE: Data regarding rare FPAs from India, a resource limited setting, are limited. We describe a case series of rare FPAs from a single center in western India.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case record review of patients diagnosed between January 2010 and July 2022. The diagnosis was based on biochemical(inappropriately elevated serum FSH/LH) and pathologic (positive immunostaining for FSH/LH) features in patients with FGA, and elevated serum thyroid hormones and normal/elevated TSH in patients with TSHomas.

RESULTS: We identified 11 patients with a total of six FGAs (median age 43.5 years, five men, one FGA cosecreting TSH, median largest dimension 40 mm, range 33-60 mm) and six TSHomas (median age 34.5 years, four women, two TSHomas cosecreting GH, median largest dimension 42.5 mm, range 13-60 mm). Symptoms of sellar mass effects led to pituitary imaging in most patients with FGA. Patients with TSHomas had symptoms of excess hormone secretion (GH/TSH) or sellar mass effects. The TSHomas that cosecreted GH/FSH were larger than those secreting only TSH. Transsphenoidal resection was the most common first-line therapy but significant residual disease was frequent (3 out of 6 FGAs and 4 out of 5 TSHomas).

CONCLUSION: This is the first and second case series of FGAs and TSHomas, respectively, from India. In this study, TSHomas presented at younger age, were larger andhad low surgical cure rates.

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