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Influence of blood pressure polygenic risk scores and environmental factors on coronary artery disease in the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study.

The present study aimed to investigate the association of blood pressure polygenic risk scores (BP PRSs) with coronary artery disease (CAD) in a Korean population and the interaction effects between PRSs and environmental factors on CAD. Data were derived from the Cardiovascular Disease Association Study (CAVAS; N = 5100) and the Health Examinee Study (HEXA; N = 58,623) within the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. PRSs for systolic and diastolic BP were calculated with the weighted allele sum of >200 single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Multivariable logistic regression models were used. BP PRSs were strongly associated with systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), and hypertension in both CAVAS and HEXA (p < 0.0001). PRSSBP was significantly associated with CAD in CAVAS, while PRSSBP and PRSDBP were significantly associated with CAD in HEXA. There was an interaction effect between the BP PRSs and environmental factors on CAD. The odds ratios (ORs) for CAD were 1.036 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.016-1.055) for obesity, 1.028 (95% CI, 1.011-1.045) for abdominal obesity, 1.030 (95% CI, 1.009-1.050) for triglyceride, 1.024 (95% CI, 1.008-1.041) for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and 1.039 for smoking (95% CI, 1.003-1.077) in CAVAS. There was no significant interaction in HEXA, except between PRSDBP and triglyceride (OR, 1.012; 95% CI, 1.001-1.024). BP PRS was associated with an increased risk of hypertension and CAD. The interactions among PRSs and environmental risk factors increased the risk of CAD. Multi-component interventions to lower BP in the population via healthy behaviors are needed to prevent CAD regardless of genetic predisposition.

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