Pigmented epithelioid melanocytoma arising from a teratoma of a Carney complex patient.
A 25-year-old female Carney complex patient with a PRKAR1A mutation who had undergone surgery to remove teratomas visited our dermatology department. She was suspected of having a malignant melanoma in a teratoma. On clinical examination, a black nodule was found within the cyst. On histopathological examination, the black lesion was composed of heavily pigmented round cells with vesicular nuclei and single prominent nucleoli. Additionally, there were large cells with irregularly shaped nuclei. Upon immunohistochemical examination, the large, irregularly shaped cells were positively stained with Melan A, HMB45, S-100 protein, SOX10, CD10 (focally), and BRAFV600E , but negatively stained with PRAME. Based on the histopathological features, we diagnosed the patient with pigmented epithelioid melanocytoma (PEM) in a teratoma of a Carney complex patient. This is the first case of PEM developing from a teratoma. Since PEM lesions may spread to regional lymph nodes, careful follow-up is necessary.
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