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Predictors of local control after robotic stereotactic radiotherapy for brain metastases: 10-years-experience after Cyberknife installation.

ANZ Journal of Surgery 2023 November 21
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the factors influencing brain metastases (BM) local control (LC) after stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT).

METHODS: Between 2010 and 2020, a cohort of 145 patients (246 BM) treated consecutively with robotic radiosurgery was analysed.

RESULTS: Median age was 61 years (range, 29-90 years). Median radiological follow-up of the lesions was 21.7 months (range, 3-115 months). The mean overall survival and LC were 33.0 and 82.7 months, respectively. On univariate analysis, sex, primary cancer site, histological type, use of systemic steroids, maximum diameter, volume, early MRI response, isodose line, number of fractions, BED10 value, and BED10 value proportional to volume and maximum diameter were significant factors for LC. On multivariate analysis, female sex (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.10 P: 0.035), adenocarcinoma histology (HR: 6.54 P: 0.001), no steroid use (HR: 3.60 P: 0.001), maximum diameter (≤1 cm) (HR: 2.64 P: 0.018), complete response of lesion at first follow-up MRI compared to stable or progressive disease (HR: 4.20, P = 0.024; HR: 19.15, P < 0.001), isodose line (≥90%) (HR: 2.00 P: 0.036), and tumour volume (PTV ≤2 cc) (HR: 5.19 P: 0.001) were independent factors improving LC.

CONCLUSIONS: SRT is an effective treatment for patients with a limited number of BM with a high LC rate. There are many factors related to the patient, tumour, and radiotherapy plan that have an impact on LC after SRT in brain metastases. These results warrant further investigation in a prospective setting.

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