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Calcium phosphate cement promotes the stability of osteoporotic lumbar pedicle screw by enhancer-injecters with different number of holes.

BMC Surgery 2023 November 19
BACKGROUNDS: This study aimed to compare whether Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) promotes the stability of osteoporotic lumbar pedicle screw by enhancer-injecters with different number of holes.

METHODS: Through a self-designed bone cement injection device, the pedicle screw canal was strengthened with calcium phosphate bone cement, and divided into 4-hole group, 6-hole group, 8-hole group, straight pore group and the control group. The screw was inserted into the mechanical test module, the Maximum insertion torque and Maximum axial pull-out strength were recorded, and the distribution of calcium phosphate bone cement was analyzed by CT and X-ray. The data results were analyzed using SPSS19.0 statistical software package.

RESULTS: The distribution of bone cement in different reinforcement groups was different and showed regularity. The bone cement in the 4-hole group was roughly located in the head 1/3 of the screw, the 6-hole group was located in the middle 1/3 of the screw, and the 8-hole group was located in the caudal 1/3 of the screw. Compared with the control group, the maximum axial pull-out force of screws in the lateral hole and full screw tunnel reinforcement group was significantly increased. There was no significant difference between the 4-hole, 6-hole and straight pore groups. There was no difference in the screw-in torque between the reinforcement groups, and they all increased significantly compared with the control group, and the difference was statistically significant. After the screw was pulled out, the interface between the bone cement and the polyurethane material was fractured, and a tight package was formed with the screw.

CONCLUSIONS: Enhancer syringes with different hole numbers combined with CPC bone cement injection can significantly increase the maximum screw pull-out force. The 8-hole group has a smaller pull-out force and is relatively prone to leakage of reinforcing material, which lacks safety in use. The local reinforcement of 4-hole and 6-hole sheath can play a similar role to that of total nail tunnel reinforcement.

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