Management of systemic lupus erythematosus: A new scenario.
The introduction of targeted biological agents in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has created a momentum for improving overall disease management and patients' prognosis. To achieve this, a comprehensive strategy is required spanning the entire patient journey from diagnosis to prevention and management of late complications and comorbidities. In this review, we focus on four aspects that are closely linked to SLE prognosis, namely early disease recognition and treatment initiation, reduction of the cumulative glucocorticoid exposure, attainment of well-defined targets of remission and low disease activity, prevention of flares and, kidney-protective strategies with non-immune-directed agents. We review the recent literature related to these topics in conjunction with the existing treatment recommendations, highlighting areas of uncertainty and providing guidance towards facilitating the care of SLE patients.
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